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Structural Sources of Conflict

1. Differentiation = the more subunits the more potential for differences in goals, methods, backgrounds, etc.


2. Interdependence = creates opportunities for blocking & interference


3.Low   formalization (???)= a lack of regulatory mechanisms may lead to more politics/coercion   ( some believe more rules Increases conflict)


4. Competition over resources = 2 or more subunits compete for a share of limited resources( labor strikes; between depts.)                                                                                                   

 5. Differences   in Reward Systems = if rewards are based on individual unit performance can lead to conflict


6. Power   Incongruence = differences in power can lead to conflict (Eg. Coach tells A.D. what to do )


7. Communication Problems = lack of clear & adequate communication (Eg. Cessation of communication; withholding information)


8. Participative Decision Making = opening up issues to debate can Increase / continue conflict due to reinforced differences (Does alienation reduction potential outweigh conflict potential?)

 9. Role Conflict = role responsibilities suddenly change; or if different expectations are placed on people (eg. Something viewed as demotion; sometimes promotions;   academic advisor example)

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conflict negotiation and intergroup behavior